|Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves (Birds) Order: Passeriformes Family: Hypocoliidae|
Hypocoliidae (Hypocolius) breed in open woodlands and orchards of Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan. They drift down to south and south-east in winter. Hypocoliidae are grey, medium-sized, shrike-like birds (24 cm), with long tail having black subterminal band and white-tipped black wings. Bill strong and broad at base; small oval exposed nostrils and rictal bristles weak but always visible. These birds generally feed on fruits and occasionally insects. Hypocolius are gregarious and conspicuous in non-breeding season. While breeding they become cautious and easily abandon nesting. Clutch size of 4-5 eggs in bulky cup-shaped nest, made of sticks in a tree. Both parents care for the young.
The closest relative of Hypocoliidae family, consisting of just a single specie (Gray Hypocolius), are Bombycillidae and Pycnonotidae. This bird is found in western semi-desert regions of India, migrating here in the winter season.